Jerzy Grotowski & "Performance Art" /video/
international leader of the experimental theatre who became famous in the 1960s as the director of productions staged by the Polish Laboratory Theatre of Wroclaw. A leading exponent of audience involvement, he set up emotional confrontations between a limited group of spectators and the actors; the performers were disciplined masters of bodily and vocal contortions.
Grotowski studied at the National Theatrical Academy in
Kraków (1951-59), then joined the Laboratory Theatre in 1959, the year it was
founded. Grotowski's permanent company first appeared in western Europe in 1966.
He became a guest lecturer and influential director in the avant-garde theatre
of England, France, and the Scandinavian countries. His productions included
Faustus (1963), Hamlet (1964), and The Constant Prince
(1965). Grotowski's methods and pronouncements-which can be found in his highly
influential work Towards a Poor Theatre (1968)-influenced such U.S.
experimental theatre movements as The Living Theatre, the Open Theatre, and the
Performance Group. In 1969 the Laboratory Theatre made a successful U.S. debut
in New York City with Akropolis, based on a 1904 play by Stanislaw
Wyspianski. Later productions of the Laboratory Theatre included
Undertaking Mountain (1977) and Undertaking Earth (1977-78). In
1982 Grotowski immigrated to the United States, where he taught for several
years before moving to Pontedera, Italy. There in 1985, a year after the closing
of the Laboratory Theatre in Poland, he opened a new theatrical centre.
"Sztuka nie jest ani stanem duszy (w znaczeniu jakiejs wyjatkowej, nie przewidzianej chwili natchnienia), ani statusem czlowieka (w znaczeniu zawodu czy funkcji spolecznej). Sztuka jest dojrzewaniem, ewolucja, uniesieniem umozliwiajacym wyjscie z ciemnosci w blask swiatla."
Jerzy Grotowski w Wylozeniu zasad